Cervical Cancer Screening

What does this mean?

There are many reasons for “abnormal” Pap test results. If results of the Pap test are unclear or show a small change in the cells of the cervix, your doctor will probably repeat the Pap test.

Common Causes for Abnormal Pap Results

The main cause of “abnormal” Pap test results is infection with HPV (Human papillomavirus). There are many types of HPV. Some types have been linked to cancer of the cervix, vulva and vagina. Other types have been linked to genital warts.

Additional Test Procedures

If your Pap test finds more serious changes in the cells of the cervix, the doctor will suggest more detailed tests. Results of these tests will help your doctor decide on the best treatment. These include:

Colposcopy: The doctor uses a tool called a colposcope to see the cells of the vagina and cervix in detail.

Endocervical Curettage: The doctor takes a sample of cells from the endocervical canal.

Biopsy: The doctor removes a small sample of cervical tissue. The sample is sent to a lab to be studied under a microscope.

We are here to help you.

The physicians at Essex County OB/GYN specialize in the treatment and management of Abnormal Pap Smears.

Additional Information

Understanding Abnormal Pap Results

Article by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Learn More

Beverly Hospital

Beverly Hospital and its medical doctors provide quality inpatient and outpatient care to the North Shore with acute care, long term care, behavioral health care and senior health services.

Learn More

National Women's Health Resource Center

Great information for women in a colorful, fun website. Helps women make informed decisions about their health, encourages healthy lifestyles to promote wellness and prevent disease.

Learn More


A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (NIH). High quality, full text consumer health information.

Learn More

Patient Resource Guide

Women’s Health Library – Great resource

Learn More

American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists

With roots dating back to 1951, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is the premier professional membership organization for obstetrician–gynecologists. The College’s activities include producing practice guidelines for providers and educational materials for patients, providing practice management and career support, facilitating programs and initiatives aimed at improving women’s health, and advocating on behalf of members and patients.

Learn More

National Women's Health Information Ctr.

The Federal Government source for women’s health information.

Learn More

U.S. Food & Drug: Office of Women's Health

Helpful information to educate women and promote good health.

Learn More

Attention Patients: Use My Lahey Chart to request RX refills. Use this link to My Lahey Chart.